Global history regents june 2012 thematic essay

6. Base your answers to questions 6 and 7 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies. … It was during the Arab period, particularly under the Umayyads (756–1031), that Qurtubah [Cordova] enjoyed its prime and grandeur and took its place as the most civilized city in Western Europe. None of the other Spanish historic cities — Toledo, Seville, and Granada — approached it in material prosperity and intellectual attainments. When Christendom was deep in its Dark Ages, Moslem Cordova was rearing men, evolving ideas, writing books, erecting buildings, and producing works of art that constituted a unique civilization. In the West it had one peer in Constantinople and in the East another, Baghdad. At no time before or after did any Spanish city enjoy such distinction.… — Philip K. Hitti, Capital Cities of Arab Islam 6 Based on this passage, what is a major criterion used to measure the distinctive civilization found in Cordova? (1) unique religious beliefs (2) distance from Baghdad (3) intellectual achievements (4) depth of the Dark Ages   1

Global history regents june 2012 thematic essay

global history regents june 2012 thematic essay

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