In many ways, Gulliver’s role as a generic human is more important than any personal opinions or abilities he may have. Fate and circumstance conspire to lead him from place to place, while he never really asserts his own desires. By minimizing the importance of Gulliver as a specific person, Swift puts the focus on the social satire itself. At the same time, Gulliver himself becomes more and more a subject of satire as the story progresses. At the beginning, he is a standard issue European adventurer; by the end, he has become a misanthrope who totally rejects human society. It is in the fourth voyage that Gulliver becomes more than simply a pair of eyes through which we see a series of unusual societies. He is, instead, a jaded adventurer who has seen human follies—particularly that of pride—at their most extreme, and as a result has descended into what looks like, and probably is, a kind of madness.
Hunter S. Thompson 's Fear and Loathing in America: The Brutal Odyssey of an Outlaw Journalist , which contains hundreds of private letters written by Thompson over the years, contains a letter in which he uses A Modest Proposal' s satire technique against the Vietnam War . Thompson writes a letter to a local Aspen newspaper informing them that, on Christmas Eve, he was going to use napalm to burn a number of dogs and hopefully any humans they find. This letter protests against the burning of Vietnamese people occurring overseas.
Scatology has a long literary association with satire,    as it is a classical mode of the grotesque , the grotesque body and the satiric grotesque.   Shit plays a fundamental role in satire because it symbolizes death , the turd being "the ultimate dead object".   The satirical comparison of individuals or institutions with human excrement , exposes their "inherent inertness, corruption and dead-likeness".    The ritual clowns of clown societies , like among the Pueblo Indians , have ceremonies with filth-eating .   In other cultures, sin-eating is an apotropaic rite in which the sin-eater (also called filth-eater),   by ingesting the food provided, takes "upon himself the sins of the departed".  Satire about death overlaps with black humor and gallows humor .